/r/geography

Photograph via snooOG

The study of the Earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena.

Welcome to r/geography!

Geography is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena, and goes far beyond simple location identifications on a map or general trivial information such as capitol and country names.

Geographers have a special understanding about the Earth and global systems and use analytical skills and applied methods to answer questions about human and physical phenomena. In short, geographers are particularly good at determining the "Why of Where."

Submission Guidelines

Please read the rules before posting!

Discussions of all branches and scales of geography are highly encouraged! If you have a question, no matter how basic or complex, ask away.

Assigning a post flair is required.

Links to original sources are preferred.

Please do not re-host images or maps at imgur or similar sites. Re-hosting prevents the author(s) from getting the recognition they deserve. It also prevents us, the reader, from seeing the context and background information the image was published in.

Original work is welcome. If you've created a map using real-world data, or written an article or blog post etc, please share. Note that fictitious maps and graphics will be removed.

For geoguessing and challenges, see r/geoguessr, r/geoguessing, r/guessthecity, and r/WWTT

For memes and jokes, see r/geographymemes and r/planningmemes

For everything related to flags, see r/vexillology

User Flair

If you have an undergraduate level or higher degree of education in geography or a related field, message the mods to get a custom flair that specifies your specific area of expertise. Otherwise, feel free to add one of our existing flair options for your interest in a specific subfield of geography.

Related Subs

Maps and Cartography

Region-specific

Planetary Phenomena

r/geography + all the above in a MegaGeoSubreddit

Tangentially Related

/r/geography

585,007 Subscribers

2

Tried to paint something from the Middle East, how’d I do?

0 Comments
2024/05/20
21:54 UTC

2

If it weren't for oil, which one of these countries would die off faster due to bad geography/lack of other resources?

10 Comments
2024/05/20
21:38 UTC

0

In 100 million years or so, what will old mine shafts like this one become?

I grabbed this screenshot from a random TikTok caver in Birmingham because it got me thinking. This will eventually collapse, I assume, but would mineral-rich water continue to find its way into the seams?

5 Comments
2024/05/20
20:56 UTC

16

Level III & IV ecoregions of the conterminous U.S. (zoomable version + readable key linked in comments)

4 Comments
2024/05/20
20:26 UTC

0

Can anyone geolocate these buildings

Took this picture on the approach to Moscow , want to know where these are

6 Comments
2024/05/20
20:06 UTC

1

What explains this massive concentration of rain in this particular region of Ecuadorian Amazon? Also what factors influence the fact that there is a noticeable spike in rainfall during northern hemisphere summer, and then a crash.

3 Comments
2024/05/20
19:57 UTC

0

ICC Countries by latest visit from Netanyahu

0 Comments
2024/05/20
19:49 UTC

8

Since this area, on the Alabama-Mississippi border at Pickwick lake, is not connected to Alabama by land, wouldn’t that make it an exclave in the same vein as Lost Peninsula, Michigan?

0 Comments
2024/05/20
19:39 UTC

14

What is this?

I came across this while studying my bike route and i have no idea what that is, anybody know?

12 Comments
2024/05/20
17:51 UTC

972

All major cities (>250k pop.) that have ever surpassed 50°C

158 Comments
2024/05/20
17:21 UTC

395

What percent of the world population doesn’t know what country they‘re a part of?

Children and mentally handicapped excluded, of course. Example: The Sentinelese don‘t know they „belong“ to India.

Bonus question for the historically inclined: How would the answer look for past eras, e.g. how aware was the average Gaul that he lived in the Roman Empire? Or the average Maya that he was ruled by Spain?

Hoping for some interesting facts(or conjectures!) or maybe there are better subs to ask this question? Thank you all in advance!

EDIT: I am not asking about people that don‘t consider themselves part of their countries for political or other reasons, I‘m asking about people that are not aware of the fact that they live on a territory that is generally considered to be part of a specific country.

176 Comments
2024/05/20
15:16 UTC

104

Post your favorite lesser-known exclaves. I will start with Campione d'Italia:

https://preview.redd.it/8v3x8ij9gl1d1.png?width=1166&format=png&auto=webp&s=d815b772044c45ebacb1c865d0cbbd517a9ec36e

Mine is probably the Italian exclave of Campione d'Italia which lies entirely within the country of Switzerland. Founded thousands of years ago by the Romans, cut off from axis-controlled Italy in WW2, and now houses one of the largest casinos in Europe, it remains one of the lesser-known exclaves in the world.

43 Comments
2024/05/20
14:46 UTC

6

What is the age of the Bill Nye Intro Globe?

3 Comments
2024/05/20
12:49 UTC

511

Countries that a lot of people confuse its population being the same to neighboring countries when in fact they are not?

Brazil, Guyana and Suriname - Many people think they are Hispanic countries but Brazil is a Lusophone country, Guyana is an Anglo country and Suriname is a Dutch speaking country.

Iran and Afghanistan - Many people think they are Arab countries, with Iran being in the Middle East, but Iran is a Persian country, with Afghanistan being Central Asian-South Asian

Hungary, Romania and Moldova - Many people think those three are Slavic countries, but they are not. Hungary speaks a Uralic language, and both Romania and Moldova are Latin countries.

Tajikistan - Many people think it's Turkic like the other Central Asian countries, but it's actually a Persian country.

199 Comments
2024/05/20
10:44 UTC

0

Is Costa Rica in South America?

I have always wondered if Costa Rica is in South America?

13 Comments
2024/05/20
09:49 UTC

0

Explaining to my Greek friend where I'd live in the U.S.

https://preview.redd.it/odt48dzlpj1d1.png?width=1125&format=png&auto=webp&s=b2b717ffc22d4a1095421118a3344d7db9a0446a

I quickly made a map showing where I'd live in the U.S. to my Greek friend as he was asking about which states were good to live in. I gave him my 2 cents using a bunch of factors. Let me know where I am totally off! Would love to hear some different perspectives.

41 Comments
2024/05/20
08:57 UTC

326

There’s a massive (roughly 42000 square km), heavily forested area of New York and Pennsylvania that is completely encircled by the interstate. I bet there’s a ton of cool wildlife there.

Probably a bunch of bears and deer and stuff, that’s sick

61 Comments
2024/05/20
06:41 UTC

4

If you were to go back in time and restart human society, with all your current knowledge, where would you go?

Say you are traveling to an alternate version of Earth without human influence, with 500 normal people and no technology whatsoever. The people know how to survive instinctively in the region you choose, but no information beyond that. You are ageless and have all the knowledge you have now, and your goal is to perpetuate your society. Where would you go?

13 Comments
2024/05/20
06:08 UTC

603

What makes the Mid-East, North Africa, and Australia dry compared to the rest of the world for the most part?

I always assumed equatorial areas were hotter and drier, but then I just actually looked at a map and realized there's no consistency of dryness compared to latitude. And also the parts of the world my mind assumed were on the equator are not on the equator anyway.

Yes, I dropped out of High School ten years ago. How could you tell?

46 Comments
2024/05/20
05:32 UTC

6

How does continental crust form on different planets?

I have a few questions about a few different planet types.

Question 1:

First, Super-Earths (2 to 10X the mass of our planet). Does the sheer mass of the planet make plate tectonics work differently? Does it have any cool features that it would allow for? I have found papers on them, but they are too scientific for me to understand. I dabble in Geology, but I'm not nearly qualified enough to read those.

Question 2:

How do planets with lower/higher metal content work tectonically? In the case of higher, not metallicity, I'm assuming the planet would still have an atmosphere, but just higher in metal than Earth is.

Silica3.0 g/cm^3
Some Planet A3.1-5.4 g/cm^3
Earth5.51 g/cm^3
Some Planet B5.6 to 7.9 g/cm^3
Iron8g/cm^3

Question 3:

The ocean pulls a lot of weight for plate tectonics since, to my understanding, the ocean acts as a lubrication for subduction zones. (This is what I have had explained to me. Im not claiming I am 100% right.) But what does a planet of nothing but oceans look like tectonically? Im assuming it still has a metal core and silica mantle, but the surface is only water/stuff inside of water.

Question 4:

Do you know of any other things that could change to impact a planet's tectonics? Im sure I didn't even get 50% of the major features that would change how it functions. But I don't know what those others would be.

4 Comments
2024/05/20
05:13 UTC

47

Fascinating islands in South East Sulawesi - tiny little islands that are very densely populated. Having trouble finding more info on this area! (more in comments)

10 Comments
2024/05/19
23:50 UTC

9

Worldle a bit confused today…

Canberra wasn’t even a possible option.

2 Comments
2024/05/19
23:26 UTC

0

World map where the size of each country is proportional to population size

1 Comment
2024/05/19
23:10 UTC

24

Cabinda is an exclave and province of Angola, separated from the mainland by the DRC’s coastline! 🇦🇴

The 1885 Treaty of Simulambuco designated Cabinda a Portuguese protectorate known as the Portuguese Congo, which was administratively separate from Portuguese West Africa (Angola). In the 20th century, Portugal integrated Cabinda as a district within the "overseas province" of Angola.

The Republic of Cabinda was taken over by Angola after Portugal declared Angola a free country.

Cabinda is currently an exclave and province of Angola, a status that has been disputed by several political organizations in the territory. The capital city is also called Cabinda. The government of this (internationally unrecognized) entity operates in exile, with offices located in Paris, France, and Pointe Noire, Republic of the Congo.

Cabinda is separated from the rest of Angola by a narrow strip of territory belonging to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly known as Belgian Congo). Cabinda is bounded on the north by the Republic of the Congo (formerly known as French Congo), and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Adjacent to the coast are some of the largest offshore oil fields in the world.

2 Comments
2024/05/19
23:01 UTC

1,684

What historically significant cities are now overshadowed by neighbouring cities?

Carthage was once one of the wealthiest cities in North Africa during the Phoenician and Roman empires, but now is a suburb of Tunis, the capital and largest city in Tunisia. Pompeii is a suburb of modern day Naples, as is Giza to Cairo.

What other examples of this do you know of? More recent history also works.

449 Comments
2024/05/19
21:48 UTC

9

TIL Guajira Department has possibly the largest Muslim population in any part of latin america, in addition to a large amount of Christian Syrio-Lebanese Arab ancestry amongst the population.

Guajira Department of Colombia has an Indigenous plurality, which deals with significant poverty, while Criollos (which often have Arab Christian ancestry in addition to Spanish, Indigenous and other) and Arab Muslims (which are less assimilated) have much more minfluence in the economy.

0 Comments
2024/05/19
21:43 UTC

0

What is this L shaped thing of the coast of the Ireland

12 Comments
2024/05/19
21:31 UTC

371

Why does this area of Baja California have such poor air quality?

40 Comments
2024/05/19
21:17 UTC

16

Pacific Islands vs The Caribbean: Which region do you like more overall?

My opinion:

Geography/Geology - Pacific Islands. Absolutely stunning mountains, beaches, grasslands, and waters. The Caribbean has some nice land formations and such, but going to places like Hawaii is just fucking otherworldly. The pacific islands really do make you feel like you’re in an exclusive, isolated paradise on the edge of the world, far from the hassles of society on the mainland. The Caribbean just doesn’t have that same vibe. Oh yeah and Pacific Ocean>>>>Atlantic Ocean

History - Tie. The Caribbean has a really rich history, with it being home to Hispaniola (DR and Haiti) which was s the first place the Spanish docked on in the 1400s when they found the new world. Not to mention Haiti was home to the first ever successful slave revolt led by Toussaint Louventure.

The pacific islands have a really rich history, forged by warrior spirit and natural curiosity that led to people from mainland Asia and Australia going out and sailing thousands of miles across a vast, empty ocean. You kind of have to have a ton of respect for that. Not to mention stories like the origin of the Pitcairn Islands are really interesting

Culture(s)/people - Tie. Both have very nice and welcoming people. Pacific Islanders tend to be more laid back, easy going, and family oriented, while people in the Caribbean tend to be more fun loving, adventurous, and thrill seeking. It really comes down to personal preference. If you want to party, the Caribbean is for you. If you want to sit back and relax surrounded by untouched, stunning natural beauty, give the pacific islands a look

Cities/towns - Caribbean. The pacific really doesn’t have many real “cities”, only large towns. Honolulu, Auckland, and Wellington are the only real cities I can think of off the top of my head. The Caribbean is home to world class, fun cities like Kingston, Montego Bay, Santo Domingo, Punta Canta, San Juan, Miami, and more

Food - Caribbean. Sorry pacific islands, but Caribbean food is absolutely amazing. Jamaican jerk chicken, meat patties, breadfruit, and oxtail are a literal god send. And don’t get me started on Cuban sandwiches and plantains.

Overall I would say that I prefer the Caribbean slightly more than the Pacific islands.

30 Comments
2024/05/19
21:14 UTC

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