Photograph via snooOG

This subreddit is for the scientific discussion of topics in the environmental sciences, geosciences, and other relevant discipline's; including papers, articles, research, public-policy, and both educational and professional advice.

/r/environmental_science is primarily for scientific discussion of topics in the environmental sciences, geosciences, and other relevant discipline's, including papers, articles, research, and public policy.

General Rules:

  • keep political discussion to a minimum
  • discuss scientific articles, videos, etc.
  • discuss science related policy issues
  • discuss professional stuff (jobs, etc.)
  • post questions

Other Rules:

  • post questions/opinions/etc. in text-posts
  • no non-academic press releases
  • no product/service advertisements
  • don't editorialize/abstract post titles
  • avoid misleading post titles
  • link directly to articles/content
  • search before asking degree questions
  • use the report button for things

Writing a paper?

directory of open access journals

sci-hub: free journal article access

zotero: free citation manager

Looking for work?


Looking for other related subreddits?


57,429 Subscribers


I’m trying to decide between two online Sustainability Masters programs: MEEM at UConn and the program at Harvard. Has anyone attended either to share their thoughts? My goal is to eventually work at/run a sustainability department for a city. Thanks!

22:41 UTC


Best places for environmental undergrad internships

I am a rising junior at an accredited Southern California liberal arts college majoring in environmental science and minoring in Spanish and politics. I know it's early but I am already starting to think about internships for the summer of 2025. Does anyone know what the best places are to intern for environmental science and policy? By the end of this summer, I will have completed two internships with two well-known Los Angeles non-profits: the first more political, focusing on community organizing and the labor unions behind green jobs, and the second more scientific, focusing on fieldwork, soil science, hydrology, and data analysis, with some policy development. I am hoping to get published at the end of my current internship. What are my chances of getting a good internship for summer 2025 under a government agency like NASA or the EPA? What should I be doing right now to improve my resume and make it more appealing for government positions?

I would love if anyone has advice on the best places/companies to intern for environmental science majors and what I should be doing right now to make myself a good candidate. I ideally would like to go into a position involving environmental science and policy and since I have already been working in the NGO world, I want to get some experience working in government. If anyone has/had a government internship or position in the environmental sector, what did you do that you think helped you stand out and secure the job?

19:59 UTC


Best way to monitor restoration work?

Hi all,

I am an environmental professional and my organization has a 117-acre property. I am in the process of restoring the landscape by removing/treating invasive species found on it, particularly Tallow and Privet.

Currently we’ve just been tackling and treating these species using mechanical/manual and chemical means. I figured it would be wise to start tracking our work and see how it makes a difference over time. So far I’ve just been doing a quick cursory glance and seeing what the composition of an area is for native to invasive species before starting then my idea was to come back 6-months or 1 year later to look at the area again and see if the composition has changed. I unfortunately graduated during the lockdown so I didn’t get much field data collection experience in school, but I do have plenty of plant ID and restoration/invasive removal experience from work. What would be the best way to track our progress and collect data?

Any papers, guides, resources, etc. will be useful.

Thank you!

15:05 UTC



i recently changed my major to environmental science with a concentration in earth and ocean studies but i really want to have a career dealing with animal behavior and their interactions with their environment. how do i go about this? i’ve been struggling with finding my own space in life and im always drawn to animals and our planet. what would yall recommend

07:04 UTC


Degree advise: should I get a second bachelors or a masters degree

I graduated in 2022 with a B.S. in biology, initially I wanted to go into healthcare but after graduating decided that I would rather work in the environmental realm. I’m particularly interested in working with water sustainability, hydrology, water systems, etc. But I did not have an environmental focus during my studies, never did research, or generally look at job prospects for this field. There doesn’t seem to be any job availability in my area pertaining to this work that I’m also qualified for so I’m considering going back to school. I still live in my college town and have a lease for the next year. So it’s a little late to apply to grad school for this year and none of the degrees offered at my school quite fit what I’m interested in anways. However, I was wondering if it would be worth while to get another undergrad for environmental engineering which I could start this fall. Since I already have my general electives and some other science pre reqs I’m assuming I would finish within 3 years, tuition for in state is about $6k a semester. So looking at ~36k all in. Alternatively I could do an out of state grad program starting next year and am open to different schools/programs that would fit my career interests but I want to make sure regardless of what I do if I’m taking out loans that I’m employable-rn I have no student debt. The program that currently interests me is Environmental science and engineering at Virginia tech(~50k a year), it’s targeted for people with non engineering science backgrounds where I could work in the field but not be an engineer which I am fine with but I’m wondered if doing engineering instead would make me more employable. I’m open to other studies and I guess working instead of going back to school but without lab experience I don’t know how practical that is in terms of being a desirable candidate but also I want a job that pays me a livable amount. I’ve considered just general lab tech jobs but rn I work part time as a server and just can’t justify working more hours for less pay but I want to make some sort of plan for my ambitions next year. So I’d like to hear your thoughts/ suggestions on what route is the best to pursue, is there anything you’ve done that was like awesome for your career or that you regret? I know this field isn’t that financially lucrative but I’m more concerned with job stability and having opportunities than pay alone. Ideally if I go back to school it would be awesome if the program had lots of funding/research opportunities to help pay because i want to avoid debt as much as possible .

04:00 UTC


Searching for book

Background: I got a degree in this a few years back. Recalled a book I had to read in a class. Would like to find said book now.

It contained case studies of the origin of grassroots environmental groups from around the world. Possibly published in late 90s?

I know it’s a very long shot. What I’m after are successful accounts of groups that involved local residents in their efforts.

22:37 UTC


Would you be interested in a nut milk make made of sustainable materials like stainless steel and bamboo, along with bamboo accessories, instead of traditional plastic that harms the environment?

I'm considering developing an eco-friendly nut milk maker that features a bamboo exterior and a stainless steel interior, complemented by accessories made from bamboo instead of plastic as the market does not seem to be concerned about what materials could harm the planet. As someone interested in sustainability and kitchen gadgets, would such a product appeal to you? What features would be most important to you in this type of appliance?

06:48 UTC


Work While Pursuing a BS in ES?

I am a current non-traditional student studying ES about to transition to a 4 year university from my local community college. Due to my situation and where I am in life, I need a part time job built around my education schedule to be able to survive. I would really like to find part time work that would give me good experience towards a future career in ES. I plan to do some sort of internship each summer until graduation but I am looking for recommendations on what jobs I should or just could look into while I am in classes. Thank you!

19:32 UTC


What Would Happen If Earth Ran Out of Water: Timetable

It’s ironic that on a planet that is 70 percent water, people still don’t have enough clean, safe water to drink and a water shortage can affect you no matter where you live in the world. It’s arguably humanity’s most vital natural resource. It sustains all other activities; it’s the essential basis of economies, societies, and human life.­ What Would Happen If Earth Ran Out of Water: Timetable


  • Panic & rationing start as H2O scarcity becomes evident
  • Within months, cities worldwide face H2O shortages
  • Agricultural collapse-food shortage
  • Health crises escalate-lack of clean H2O
  • Economic turmoil as industries reliant on H2O fall
  • Social unrest-mass migrations begin
  • Global war erupts over remaining H2O

What would happen if Earth runs out of water?

18:00 UTC


Is there a jargon term in the field, for the amount of 'dirty" energy that goes into the creation of something that is supposed to be more 'clean' or renewable/etc?

So... an example of this is like.... a municipal curbside compost or recycling program..... you have the fuel that gets used by the pickup vehicle on its route to pickup the compost or recycling. Then you have the energy used by whatever machinery processes/sorts it. On the front end, you also have the plastic bags used to line the recycling or compost bin.

Other examples would be with wind and solar power/ the amount of "dirty" energy, that is used to manufacture the parts of a turbine , transport it to where it is going, assemble it, etc.. . Or the energy used to used to manufacture solar panels (and also the environmental cost of the materials that are in a solar panel)...

I assume there is a type of math equation/formula, used to determine how "green" something actually is, that accounts for these factors and that they have some term/terms? I guess... basically is there a more specific term or set of terms, for the environmental costs, and their different categories (like in the manufacturing or processing portion) of things meant to reduce environmental harm? And is this generally accounted for when we hear things about a program "preventing" certain amount of harm?

12:12 UTC


Environmentalism is complicated

I am reading The Field Guide to Citizen Science. On page 16 it reference Silent Spring (possibly the book I should actually be reading). It describes the environmental impact of DDT and how we know it has an impact.

Bird egg shells have been thinning. The shells observed in the 20th century were thinner than shells that were collected around the turn of the century. In 1916 legislation was passed protecting migratory birds which made it illegal to collect bird eggs. DDT was developed in the 1940s. So eggs in museums were all older than DDT.

This has really peaked my intellectual curiosity. Would the difference be more or less noticeable if egg collection wasn't outlawed? What if the prohibition was much earlier? What is the ethical balance here? Migratory birds should be protected, but can environmental law hinder environmental science?

11:38 UTC


Will we all switch to nights?

When the earth is finished heating up and the surface is so unbearable that it no longer supports life, will we descend into subterranean tunnels and resurface at night when it’s cooler?

00:11 UTC


Question about Urban Heat Island

Urban Heat Island (UHI) in this image.

Is it right to say, The pixceles that their UHI value is 4, comparing to pixceles which their UHI value is -2, are 6 degree centigrade hotter.

Or, it has another meaning.

Thank u.

Images source ( https://urbandesignlab.in/what-is-an-urban-heat-island/)

12:42 UTC


I think I’m going to double major in Business Administration once I transfer to a four-year university

Any of y’all grown folk happen to have also double-majored in Environmental Science & Business Administration? How’d it go? Any wisdom anyone here can offer?

20:26 UTC


PhD programs?


I will be applying to graduate school starting in August, so I am currently looking at program options.

I wish to research the ocean- atmosphere connection and how this is affected by climate change, therefore affecting ocean life.

Two programs I’ve found that fit what I want to research are ocean- atmosphere at San Diego State University and Ocean ecology and biogeochemistry at Oregon State University.

I do need more than two programs; however, I am having trouble finding programs that fit my interests.

Any ideas on program names, schools etc? Location is not an issue to me.

20:01 UTC


Is Environmental Science or BS ES good? And what job opportunities can I have if I ever pursue it

Hello, an upcoming freshman at college and I've encountered a big dilemma. I've been accepted to two schools both have courses that I like (BS ES and BS Psych), I've come to the conclusion that I do want to pursue BS ES since I've always been interested on our planet + I have a background in STEM and have volunteered for local environmental groups before.

However, my parents still wants me to pursue psych, which I don't really mind since I like it too. But If possible I still want to pursue BS ES. So uhm if you're reading this I'm just asking for what I should expect? Like is there gonna be lots of maths and if so, what kinds of maths? What career opportunities will open up to me once I finish my studies in the BS ES course? I want to hear both the positives and the negatives of taking up BS ES.

That's all, I'm really sorry if the thought is all over the place/messy. Haha, also if you are from the Philippines, Is TUP Manila a good school for BS Environmental Sciences.

Also my mind still sometimes wants to pursue psych since it's been a childhood dream of mine, so uhm if you could like sway me or convince me into environmental sciences more, it would be appreciated

09:46 UTC


Aussie enviro working in Canada


I am looking for a bit of guidance with this pipedream.

My boyfriend (31M, geologist of 10 years in gold/lithium expo and resdev) and I (27F, environmental scientist of 1 year). Want to move to Canada to work for a couple of years next year.

I am new to industry having finished a graduate diploma in environmental science last year and have had experience working in Botany (mine rehabilitation and monitoring) for 6 months and more recently as an onsite environment scientist/advisor at a nickel mine (compliance and monitoring). I have had 4 years of experience working in a technical role in gold and iron ore mining prior to this.

I am looking at roles pop up asking for designations/registrations for organised industry bodys. These aren’t huge in Aus. Who would I need to apply to, to receive a designation?

With my experience would it be likely to find a job in my field? I would like to stay in mining.

I have read some posts here from about 6 years ago saying that it was very competitive. Is this still the case?

What are the chances of us both being hired on at the same site FIFO?

Any recommendations on what mining companies to apply for?

09:28 UTC


Is Environmental Science for Dummies a good book on this subject?

I’m trying to get into learning more about environmental science but I don’t want to read a book that puts me right into the deep end of certain subjects or one that expect the reader to have knowledge on the subject already. I’ve heard the For Dummies books can vary in quality based on the material and I wanted to ask people who are more versed in this field and its study for feedback. I’ve taken a look over the contents and it does seem to be what I’m looking for based on that. I’d also love some other book recommendations for environmental science in general but specifically water safety as I’m looking into becoming a water technician.

04:15 UTC


Suggestions for a quick and cheap PFAs test

I’m a summer intern at CU Boulder researching anthropogenic pollution in the Boulder watershed.

I’m looking to compare different pollution levels and different types of pollution. The problem is, I can’t seem to find a test for PFAs or any related compounds that would be cheap, quick, and able to perform in my own lab (without having to collect a sample and send it somewhere else). My goal is to test at a lot of different sites and I only have 2 months to complete my project. If anyone has any suggestions or ideas on what I could do, please let me know.

21:58 UTC


Choosing Master's program: Env. Science or Statistics?

I got accepted into an Environmental Science (focus on ecology) and a Statistics Master's program, and can't decide which one to pursue. I did my undergrad in Biology and Applied Statistics, and what interests me is data analysis and modelling applied to environmental questions. That is, I'm not really passionate about data analysis when applied in finance/business/medicine (although I can live with it and it does make good money), and I'm not interested in the wet lab and fieldwork aspect of environmental science, nor am I a good fit since labs make me anxious, and I respond really bad to cold/heat and mosquitos. Any advice or similar experiences?

21:00 UTC


Did you know the Sea Turtles are 'feminizing' due to climate change? This story covers efforts in Malaysia to save the species from extinction as sea & sand temperatures rise. Unfortunately it's a worldwide issue as discussed in the video.

19:32 UTC


please give this vid a watch it is about how privatzing the uk water industry has F**ked the uk and is currently coursing environmental problems

17:36 UTC


Today I defended my thesis

I wrote about invasive plant species. The commission grilled me with a bunch of questions but i managed to answer all of them correctly and got an A.

Edit: and my supervisor made a deal with me to continue in my studies with this topic but focused on allelopathy

15:58 UTC

Back To Top