/r/HomeNetworking

Photograph via snooOG

HomeNetworking is a place where anyone can ask for help with their home or small office network.

No question is too small, but please be sure to read the rules before asking for help. We also welcome pretty much anything else related to small networks.

Before Posting:

Please use the search function to look for keywords related to what you want to ask before posting since most common issues have been answered.

If you can't find what you're looking for with the search function please feel free to post a new question after reading the rules.


Post Flair:

Please flair your posts as Solved, Unsolved, or simply Advice.


Rules

  1. No Ads. This is a support and discussion subreddit. Ads and self promotion are not welcome here. Please stay on topic.
  2. Don't be a jerk. Not being a jerk is surprisingly easy. To help with that, reddit provides the reddiquette.
  3. No URL shorteners. URL shorteners tend to hide the real use of a link. For this reason, please use normal links, even if they're long.
  4. No affiliate links. Using affiliate Links in your own place is your decision. Not in this place though. We're focused on helping and discussing.
  5. Please stay on topic. Sometimes discussions can go a little overboard and that is ok. If you're unsure if this is r/politics, someone done messed up.
  6. No gatekeeping. With profession shall come professionalism. Extend help without judging others for their ignorance. The same goes for downvoting of comments or posts for "stupid questions" or not being as knowledgeable as others.

Guides

There have been some excellent guides written in this sub, and we're always looking for more!


Related Communities

/r/HomeNetworking

349,525 Subscribers

1

IoT -> non mesh wifi extender -> guest wifi

Lets say i i don’t have the budget to setup a proper home network. So i will be working with what i have around.

I don’t want to hook up the IoT devices to my main Wi-Fi network, but some IoT devices require discoverability. Hence I cannot use the guest network as well.

What is wrong (or what could go wrong) in terms of security and maintenance with connecting all my IoT (and other devices that might cause me headaches) to a WiFi extender that will create its own network and SSID, hence devices that require communication with each other or with their smart hub will be discoverable, then connect that extender to the guest network of my main router.

I haven’t setup any IoT devs yet, i do have some laying around and was thinking if this idea would work.

Thanks in advance.

0 Comments
2024/03/29
13:37 UTC

2

What is the difference between Xfinity Voice and a landline?

I made a post in another subreddit asking when people stopped using landlines as I am 24 and still have mine. People had no problem letting me know that the Xfinity landline service I subscribed to is not a landline. I have 3 old school western electric phones plugged in my house and they all ring and dial out. What is the difference? I always thought of a landline as just a phone for the home.

4 Comments
2024/03/29
13:05 UTC

3

I want to self-host my webapps and a few game servers out of my house. How to do this safely?

I'm eyeing a few minipcs and I'd like to host a few side programming projects out of my home and get rid of my VPS. The only concern I haven't fleshed out is how to safely do it? I could obviously open up the ports on the att modem/isp firewall to port forward to my device but that has risks if someone were to find an exploit and hack my device, they'd get access to my local network. What's the easiest most cost effective way to host production apps out of my home? I'll need to open up UDP as well for some public game servers.

9 Comments
2024/03/29
12:43 UTC

3

Laptop speeds much slower than phone speeds!

Hello. I know there are several posts about this issue already but I have tried all of them and they have not fixed my issue hence whey I am making this post.

My phone reaches download and upload speeds of 300Mbps. However, when I run the same speed test on my laptop (same location, same network, 5GHz), I am getting 60 Mbps download speed and 300Mbps upload. This is very weird as my upload speed is fine but my download is a lot slower.

I have attached a screenshot of speed test from my laptop. The weird this is, for a second at the start of the speed test, it shows around 200Mbps before going down to 60/65.

Speed Test Results

My Devices:

Phone: iPhone 13

Laptop: Dell XPS 13
Network Card: Killer(R) Wi-Fi 6 AX1650w 160MHz Wireless Network Adapter (200D2W)

Would really appreciate any help. Thanks!

9 Comments
2024/03/29
12:15 UTC

2

My orange Wi-Fi extender 500mbps has an issue

Hello I am a foreigner currently staying in France temporarily and recently my wifi extender has been having some issues lately.

After installing it as best as I could, the Wi-Fi extender seemed to be working for a couple of weeks with the problem of it disconnecting every now and then, but after re plugging it in or re-installing it became fine.

Today, the issue began to resurface but now the light on the home icon is no longer up, I’ve tried searching everywhere and pushed every button but there seems to be no use. Is my Wi-Fi extender busted?

10 Comments
2024/03/29
11:55 UTC

1

Is 400 mbps a good speed for home network in the long run?

I’ve just got a TP Link Gbit Power line for my home network, specifically to connect my Synology NAS to my other devices. I was already expecting lower speed than advertised “Gbit”, and my internet speed is already covered, since it’s 100mbit. But is 400mbit a decent speed for my local network?

I use My NAS as a media server, no more than 1080p. and a linux VM.

6 Comments
2024/03/29
10:10 UTC

1

New router, slow vpn speeds?

So I recently upgraded my (fairly basic, isp router/modem combo) home network by buying an ASUS AXE7800 wifi 6e router.

It’s a good router overall but I’m finding that when setting up a wireguard vpn connection through it (ASUS call it vpn fusion) that I’m only getting about 60% of my full speed.

My connection is 500Mbps and when the vpn is off the router provides the full speed consistently, sometimes exceeding it. But when I activate the vpn, it tops out at only 300Mbps. Using the vpn client on my laptop gives the full 500Mbps so it’s not the vpn provider.

I understand that wireguard is pretty hardware intensive on routers and checking the cpu load on the ASUS, the 4 cores can get up to around 40-70% or so with it.

Still room for improvement though? Would there be anything I’m missing or anything else to check to improve speeds? Or am I just bottlenecked with the router cpus?

Ideally I would like to have the vpn covered entirely at full speed for the whole network via the router.

4 Comments
2024/03/29
09:43 UTC

0

If i disable band steering i can get more speed and bandwidth?

What is the positives of advantages?

Mine is working perfectly for years

Never had a problem but i saw a lot of peoples turned it off

8 Comments
2024/03/29
09:08 UTC

1

Any APs that don't suck?

Just got a TP-Link EAP650, a Mikrotik cAP ax and a Mikrotik cAP ax2 to test for use as an access point. In terms of wireless performance (both signal strenghth and throughput), the TP-Link is considerably better. The ax is average and the ax2 is worse. But the annoying thing is the ISP wireless router these were meant to replace gives considerably better performance when placed on the same spot, which is baffling.

9 Comments
2024/03/29
08:42 UTC

0

Help with remote connecting to PC & PS5 from mobile network

I want to make some home devices available to be connected to from my mobile network, mainly to play games when I'm on my lunch at work.

I have seen about port forwarding but I'd like to avoid my house to this potential risk.

I have a 2nd unused asus router, and a virgin hub 3.

Would me plugging in my 2nd asus router into the virgin hub, to then set up a VPN on this 2nd router, to then hard wire the wanted devices to this 2nd router, make it so it is possible to connect to my home devices if i connect to the same VPN on my mobile network?

Sorry if wrong place to ask.

0 Comments
2024/03/29
08:35 UTC

1

Limiting the internet speed of a wireless router

I have a Huawei 4g cpe 3s router and I want to limit the internet speed, couldn't find a method to do it inside the router settings. Is there any other way of doing it?

3 Comments
2024/03/29
08:19 UTC

2

Virtual networking - simulation software

Hey, for leaning purposes, I'd like to experiment with network settings in a virtual environment, aka software. Configure network, multiple machines, multiple subnets, switches, routers, ets, configuring dhcp, dns, ip, firewalls, nat, routing tables, vlan, etc and then check things like

  • where can I reach from a given source

  • who can reach to a given destination

  • etc

Any suggestions for such software? Maybe even free software? Thanks

4 Comments
2024/03/29
07:45 UTC

0

How can I restrict someone's Wi-Fi usage? A large number of people utilizing a hotel's Wi-Fi causes significant slowdowns, preventing me from getting any work done.

I'm currently residing in a hotel for work purposes, and unfortunately, there's been a big group of teenagers using the hotel's internet to download content. This has been quite frustrating for me as I require fast internet for my work, but their activities are slowing it down. I only have access to the Wi-Fi password. Is there a way to restrict their internet usage? What options do I have?

24 Comments
2024/03/29
07:36 UTC

1

Just bought a ASUS RT-AX88U PRO

I just bought a ASUS RT-AX88U PRO to replace my RT-AC68R. This isn't because I need the upgrade right now but because a family remember of mine needs a new router badly, and I thought this would be a nice upgrade for me an a nice gesture for them. However hours after buying it I saw that the RT-BE88U was announced. Would it behoove me to return this before I open it and wait for the RT-BE88U. I actually have a use-case for WIFI7 in the semi-distant future because of wireless VR gaming with my Pimax Crystal. I just figured we would be way farther off of "affordable" Wifi 7 routers.

0 Comments
2024/03/29
07:32 UTC

14

Another MoCA 2.5 success

9 Comments
2024/03/29
06:42 UTC

2

Wiring sanity checking

Just moved in and this is what my wiring looks like. Two of the blue cables terminate on the bedrooms and the third is labeled “H”.

My goal is to get a couple of APs and connect them to the modem via these blue cables. They have 8 wires, so I’m assuming they’re Ethernet. What’s throwing me off is the third H cable and the black “switch”.
Is this an actual eth switch? Can I just connect an eth cable from the modem to it to have internet in the bedrooms? Can I use any of the ports? What’s the H cable?

Thanks!

https://preview.redd.it/p4l0pxc9x7rc1.jpg?width=1179&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3eb9d7a4b637de67942c1d958cbc3be43a2c4ecf

1 Comment
2024/03/29
06:37 UTC

7

Type of system required

Hi. I need to have internet in my shed, cabin, office and house. Currently only have it in the house as a nbn fibre. This longest distance is the office from the house 110 meters. Should I bury cable or use a wireless system ? I don’t have a massive budget.

8 Comments
2024/03/29
06:28 UTC

1

Estimating Wireless Backhaul Speeds over distance: Deco X68 and XE75

TLDR: Can a tri-band Wi-Fi 6 mesh system like the TP-Link Deco X68 (AX3400) reliably deliver more than 400Mbps over a 12m (40ft) wireless backhaul?

--Note: I'm open to other hardware suggestions, these just seem to be the two best value options atm---

I'm tossing up between 2x TP-Link Deco X68 ($307 AUD) and 2x XE75 Pro ($469 AUD) for a simple and uncongested, but reasonably spread-out home network over 1 floor, 250m^2 (<3000ft^2 ).

I've found a number of reviews on youtube for both systems, but no-one seems to give information on how a wireless backhaul performs that includes distances. My understanding is that distance + walls is the main factor here.

This is the scenario I'm in:

  • Starlink internet connection (tops out at around 200-250Mbps, theoretically). It's possible that a local broadband provider (NBN) will offer 400mbps Fixed Wireless connections in the near future, which I will switch to if it proves competitive.

  • 4 devices now, max 8 in the future - Mac Mini (6E), iPhone 13 mini (6), 3D-printer (2.4Ghz only), Sonos (2.4Ghz only)

  • Currently just using the Starlink Gen 2 router, which I understand is Wi-Fi 5, but no idea of the speed/strength.

  • When I check the wifi stats on the Mac Mini (Wi-Fi 6E), which is in the study about 15m away from that router through 2-3 wooden walls, it has the following:

    • Channel 149 (5GHz, 8MHz)
    • RSSI: -77 dBm
    • Noise: -88 to -92 dBm
    • Tx Rate: anywhere from 50 - 250Mb/s. < this seems to be all over the place, but I have no idea what I'm doing
  • The printer in the study seems to barely connect.

  • My phone gets about 10-20Mbps when sitting at the computer in the study, supposedly. It's pretty slow when using it.

My plan is to replace the Starlink router with an X68 or XE75 Pro, place another one right next to the door of the study about 12m (35-40 ft) away, with almost direct line of sight (imagine two doorways on opposite sides of a hall 40ft apart). The Mac and 3D printer will connect to that node. There is absolutely no option for a wired backhaul, and nowhere else to put the main router.

I get the impression that the XE75 Pro will be up to the task, but I have no idea what to make of the the X68 - will it keep up comfortably at that distance? Will I be spending an extra $160 for nothing if I get the XE75 Pro? I don't mind spending the money if it's the difference between 'maybe' and 'bombproof'.

Thanks for any insight you can offer.

edit: I tried to add links to the TP-Link page for both systems, but they end in forward slashes and it messes up the link formatting, so apologies for the shop links.

0 Comments
2024/03/29
06:04 UTC

1

RCN internet is driving me nuts

I've been having a consistent issue in the last 3-4 weeks. My internet will work fine for a period between 30-45 minutes and will randomly drop for a few moments, this is just enough to kick me from discord/online gaming to the point where I simply cannot play or reliably stream tv without interruptions.

Eventually after the "restart your modem" preamble these people always give you, they sent a tech out to fix the issue, he gave me a 3db attenuator because apparently my machine wasn't in the "right range"( I genuinely have no idea how networking works). This however seemed to change nothing and I still drop every 30-45 minutes but my ping is better/more consistent.

After a ton of research into the issue I am genuinely baffled, I've tightened all the connections and checked for damage, the modem works just fine besides this issue. Below is my stats for my connection, any help is appreciated.

https://i.imgur.com/ngUPPlQ.png

https://i.imgur.com/PaKPcBO.png

1 Comment
2024/03/29
05:58 UTC

2

How does a fiber connection get distributed to a network with fiber optic backbone?

I want to know how a fiber optic connection gets distributed to a premise, from an ISP to the private network. Specifically the physical connections.

For example, on a simple LAN network, the fiber connection from an ISP is plugged to a router, then a switch is plugged to the router, then it distributes the network connection from there.

For a LAN with fiber optic backbone how does it work? Let's say the premise has a 12 core fiber cable, how do they utilize the 12 core fiber to distribute the network connection starting from the ISP's fiber connection?

4 Comments
2024/03/29
05:47 UTC

0

Some ports open, some don't

Dealing with an odd situation here.

My router opens some ports and not others. I've tested it, it's the router, the ports that open, close when I disable them. So knowing for sure it's the router, what do I need to do?

It's Asus ROG 11000, spider looking one.

2 Comments
2024/03/29
05:21 UTC

1

Video conf network lag, suggestions?

MacBook Pro m1 trying for last two years to not lag out. Also ran a mbpro 16 for work.

Currently on an er7206 acting as router into a gigabit switch. The switch connects to a wireless ap. (Routers without dhcp). I’ve tried Orbi 6, or 5, or an older tplink router, or some decos.

I’ve tried hard wired connections, wifi, hot spots. Everything lags.

Spectrum bs 1000d/40u.

3.5k sqft home. Modem and switch in basement. Cat5e in walls.

1 Comment
2024/03/29
04:57 UTC

1

Looking for a modem/router recommendation for WoW 1gb and Is WIFI 7 worth it?

So I’ll be moving next week and the only ISP available in my area is WOW so I ordered the service as I’ll need immediate access to the internet for work. I am considering using the Arris S33 modem with either an ASUS AX6000 or ASUS RT-AX88U Pro router but I am very open to other suggestions and advice. I am also considering going WIFI 7 with the ASUS RT-BE96U but since 7 is relatively new I am wondering if it would be better to wait until they release the next gen after they have worked the bugs out? Also is the S33 modem compatible with a WIFI 7 router? The important details.

  1. I do work from home on occasion and download/upload large files.
  2. ISP will be through WOW on their 1GB plan.
  3. I deal with material that requires high clearance levels so when my work laptop is off its home network it uses the most secure network encryption known to man. So when I am on any other network it is slower than turtle shit. Would WiFi 7 possible improve this even a little or am I boned?
  4. The house is a 2000sqft ranch in a medium sized city with a large porch and full poured concrete basement. I want WiFi on the porch and in the basement, will I need to boost the signal?
  5. Aside from work I also dabble in online gaming and of course I stream tv but nothing crazy or out of the ordinary.
3 Comments
2024/03/29
04:54 UTC

1

Dillema between ASUS ZenWifi XD5 vs XD6 vs XT8

Hi,

I have problem deciding which Wifi Mesh would be the best for me.
As for now I was using old BT Whole Wifi Mesh Premium (AX3700 Tri Band) but from some time it has problems with connection and drops internet from some smart devices.
Plus I will be moving to new build duplex home as in:

  • Ground Floor is just entrance and stairs
  • 1st Floor is Living room and big Kitchen with Dining room
  • 2nd Floor is 3 Bedrooms

It is around 110 m² (or around 1200 sq ft) if not counting entrance with stairs to 2 store apartment/house. My provider at the moment is 1Gbps Virgin Media in Ireland. Will have to change to another one since they don't provide internet to my new place. In future want to upgrade to 2Gbps.
Will probably have around 20-30 devices.

I was thinking about XD5 initially but after some research can't get my head around.
Basically Main Node will be in living room - connected to IPS Router/Modem.
Second node will have to connected in one of bedrooms for my PC - which is for gaming, content creating and work. That will be connected by cable to the Node.
Third node was thinking in the Kitchen (which would be under PC room) or in Master Bedroom (which would be above living room).
Don't believe I will be able to run ethernet cabling for wired connection between nodes.

So here are my options:

  1. ASUS XD5 - 3 pack for around 300 Euro https://www.amazon.co.uk/ASUS-Coverage-Subscription-free-Security-Advanced/dp/B0BJKZNK95 (can get it cheaper in my workplace with my discount card)
  2. ASUS XD6 - 2 pack for around 280 Euro https://www.amazon.co.uk/ASUS-ZenWiFi-Whole-System-White/dp/B0963MBSHM/
  3. ASUS XT8 - 2 pack for around 385 Euro https://www.amazon.co.uk/ASUS-ZenWiFi-Whole-Home-XT8-Life-Time/dp/B083QS8ZFQ/

If I go for 2 pack, then will have to have one in living Room, and another in PC room upstairs which would be the furthest they can be - from one end of house to another, and 1 floor level above.

I know that XD5 and XD6 are Dual-Band, and XD6 and XT8 have more antennas, but XT8 is Tri-band.
I was wondering how much of a difference number of antennas will make?
And is it worth it going for Tri-band in that kind of home?
If for XD6/XT8, I am guessing I might invest in extra nodes later in the future?
Also, are there any major issues with App or firmware in any of those mentioned?

1 Comment
2024/03/29
04:16 UTC

1

Going to install LAN ports in the House for atleast 3 rooms. Which type of cable should I get for concealed cabeling ? Also is CAT6 enough or should I go for CAT 8 for all the three rooms? I plan on using a local Switch in the basement for connection.

See title

17 Comments
2024/03/29
04:04 UTC

2

Paket loss from everything, can I fix this?

2 Comments
2024/03/29
04:00 UTC

0

Google Speed Test slower than others

Kind of a nitpick but something that bothers me. I have Vyve Internet and I've had no complaints. I pay for their Gig package and average around 600-700mbps down on speedtest.net which I'm more than happy with. I recently had an issue where when in Discord every Music bot was lagging & choppy no matter what I did. After pulling my hair out for two hours I changed my DNS to Google's and finally no more choppiness or lagging. Besides that, this issue sent me down a rabbit hole of trying to find the best DNS for my PC. Ran a DNSBenchmark and found my two best ones on my internet and set it as those. After this I wanted to check my speeds now and see if they improved at all. On my ThinkPad on Google's speed test I was getting 300-400mbps down which is the highest I ever saw this hit on my network. Keep in mind my laptop is an 8th Gen Intel over WiFi with the same DNS I was having issues with before. Got back on my PC which is wired into my router and saw that the speed test for Google would max out at 15mbps. Changed my DNS to the same as my laptop and tweaked with the DNS some more with the same crappy results. Again this doesn't matter now since the original Discord music bot issue is fixed but still bothers me. I did see a post on this forum with someone with the same issue and it was explained that Google's speed test is single threaded. I would understand this but it brings me back to my laptop over WiFi 5 getting outstanding speeds on the same test. Just wanted to see if anyone could share some wisdom. Thanks!

2 Comments
2024/03/29
03:29 UTC

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