/r/ecology

Photograph via snooOG

Ecology (from Greek: οἶκος, "house"; -λογία, "study of") is the scientific study of the relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their biophysical environment.

Ecology (from Greek: οἶκος, "house"; -λογία, "study of") is the scientific study of the relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their natural environment. This is the place to be when you want to discuss anything related to ecology!

If your submission is not related to ecological science or if it's not predominantly in English, expect it to be removed. In particular, environmental activism submissions belong in /r/environment or somewhere else.

Your post will probably be removed by the moderators if:

  • Is a /r/HomeworkHelp style question. If you are not a student then please state explicitly why you are asking the question

  • is a climate change post that is not focussed on one or more species. There are already numerous CC subreddits (that you can find in our sidebar), and also this sub would quickly get drowned out by this sort of content.

  • Your title does not adequately describe the content

  • Is a fundraising campaign/effort

  • Is a petition

  • Is a low effort image macro/meme post


What does ecology have to do with me?

Common Terms

Where Can I Go For More Information or Assistance?


Check out our Books about Ecology and Related Fields in the /r/ecology wiki books section


And view our Job Guides and Resources in the /r/ecology wiki jobs section

biscuitman76's guide to finding a job in ecology


/r/ecology supports the National Forest Foundation! Please share your support and DONATE HERE! If you have any questions regarding NFF, email Hannah: hettema AT nationalforests DOT org


Click here for a list of related subreddits!.

For updates to the wiki or the sidebar, or for anything else, please message the mods.

/r/ecology

87,086 Subscribers

3

Ka’iwi Coast: Hawaiian Dry Coastal Strand Habitat

0 Comments
2024/04/20
01:03 UTC

0

Should we introduce kangaroos into African wildlife?

30 Comments
2024/04/20
00:56 UTC

3

how do rewilding programs start?

From bison to butterflies, many species across the world are being reintroduced, but how does the project of said rewilding work?

5 Comments
2024/04/20
00:53 UTC

9

Learn about salmon and follow their migration in 'Survive the Sound'

2 Comments
2024/04/19
19:36 UTC

9

Are pill bugs invasive in North America?

I am very interested in insects, but I was wondering if they were invasive to our environment. Should I be concerned about them being destructive to the ecosystem?

6 Comments
2024/04/19
11:40 UTC

3

Where can I find time series population data for animal species?

Hello,

I am a math student in my final semester of college, and for my research class, I am trying to model population dynamics between species using the Lotka-Volterra predator prey model. The only thing is, I am having trouble finding a reliable and accurate real world data set that I can use as a case study. I've been searching for data sets for quite a while now, but all I've managed to find repeatedly is the Hudson Bay Lynx/Hare data that is often used as an example when discussing the predator-prey model. Does anyone know of any websites or academic papers that conduct studies and have data sets of predator and prey species' population over time?

Thank you.

1 Comment
2024/04/18
21:53 UTC

2

Competition, commensalism, or amensalism.

Recently I got into a dispute with a friend over the following scenario: lions and hyenas, what is their relationship. Granted by many metrics they are bound by a competitive relationship though hyenas by nature are nocturnal, yet often in the presence of a Lion pride they will alter this activity becoming diurnal, awaiting the departure of the pride to rest and/or drink. Though they may consume the same prey one party typically avoids the other whilst the pride is significantly less weary and largely unaffected by hyenas in relative terms. I have even read certain articles claiming their relationship to be one or commensalism wherein the hyena is observed to consume the remaining carcasses of lion prey as apposed to directly competing with them. My claim is they are more akin to an amensalist relationship, the lions as indifferent to the hyena’s presence as we are to hawks (though they consume similar foods and may harm our young). My teacher, the friend I referred to stated they were competitive, predicated solely on them consuming the same prey (which I believe easily debased or insufficient via several anecdotes depicting similar arguments in evidently non-competitive relationships). Thoughts?

Apologies for the rant and inarticulate writing.

1 Comment
2024/04/18
15:39 UTC

4

Species distribution modelling help

Hi!

I'm currently trying to complete my thesis where I am running SDM using MaxEnt to map the distribution of my species of interest. I have never done this before, am not super familiar with R, but have a model running. However, none of my supervisors are helping me with it because they don't know how to do it, and no matter how many cries for help I put out no one ever responds to me. I'm at my wit's end, I'm exceptionally overwhelmed and at a lack for all hope I'll get this done. None of my questions are google-able, no one I've emailed has responded. I desperately need help, my thesis is due in 4 weeks and I am crying every single day over this, not even kidding.

Please, if anyone can help me I am literally begging at this point, I desperately need help.

5 Comments
2024/04/18
03:44 UTC

0

What will happen if we decided to neutralize the pH of swamps ? Will there be any consequences to the local ecosystem ?

24 Comments
2024/04/17
21:53 UTC

2

Applying to jobs with CV or Resume

So I’m on the job hunt and was wondering how everyone feels about resumes vs CVs. A job I was planning on applying to requires a CV however I only have a Resume currently, and I feel like I don’t have a lot of things that CVs have sections for like publications or awards. Should I reformat my resume into a CV for this application and just have it be a really short CV, or just submit my resume? Thanks!

3 Comments
2024/04/17
17:53 UTC

2

Carbon markets question

I’m puzzling over a question and wonder if you all can help. My understanding is that a common problem with carbon markets is that communities defined as ‘underprivileged’ are underpaid in the carbon markets. Can anyone point me to papers or well written articles to help me better understand why and the factors around this? I’m interested, specifically, in America, not elsewhere in the world. Is it because the companies brokering carbon deals take more of the money? Or some other dynamic? Thanks!

3 Comments
2024/04/17
04:35 UTC

4

Are higher order rivers more homogenous or heterogenous? For example, Amazon river (13th order) compared to a smaller wash in an urban setting

1 Comment
2024/04/17
03:51 UTC

5

Ecological niche of Swans, Geese and ducks.

I have always been interested in ecology but I am still pretty new to reading about it so please excuse any mistakes I am making and feel free to correct. I think I understand what ecological niches are, but I am struggling to apply it to species I know. My example: There is a small lake with a pair of swans some geese and some ducks. Don't they all fill the same ecological niche? Am I missing something? Thanks in advance.

8 Comments
2024/04/16
13:56 UTC

3

Science divulgation Books

Hello People,

I want to learn more about ecology and I am wondering which are the best science divulgation books on ecology?

Thank you in advance.

4 Comments
2024/04/16
10:06 UTC

4

Interview practical?

I recently got offered an interview with the MNRF for a really good 1y intern position with a heavy focus on aquatic biology in the north. The interview will consist of a PowerPoint presentation I'll give using a topic they'll assign me a week before the interview and 4 questions they'll tell me at the same time so I'll be able to prep for them. The hard part come with a practical assignment following the questions.

This is a format I've never experienced before in interviews and while I'm actually more at ease with the prep time given, I'm very nervous about the practical. Does anyone have any tips or experience on study topics to prepare for this kind of assessment? I'm assuming I should heavily brush up on my stats and fish ID skills for it but I'm grateful for any advice you lot might have. This is kind of a dream job in the perfect location with good pay/terms of the contract so I'm planning to go all out in preparation for it

Edit: this interview is over video call so it's not an in person practical

0 Comments
2024/04/15
22:03 UTC

8

island fieldwork gear/packing advice?

Hi all!! I just accepted a job to work as a tech monitoring a seabird colony on an island in the northeastern US. I will be spending a lot of time this summer on a very small island, living in field housing with food provided. I am over the moon excited, but not sure how to prepare or what to bring with me. My job will be a lot of sighting banded birds via scope, counting nests (climbing around a rocky/boulder-y shoreline), nest checking, etc., so sometimes pretty physical. My understanding is that we will spend our time outside wearing full body hazmat-type suits (lots of bird poop...), but still not sure what sort of clothes to bring. Running water will be limited, so any field hygiene tips (especially for women) would be helpful as well!!

Has anyone had a similar experience, and if so, what gear did you find essential to your overall comfort? What did you wish you had? Any and all advice would be appreciated!!

4 Comments
2024/04/15
20:41 UTC

18

Thinking: ... would it be eventually be beneficial to revive the American Cheetah for the NA prairie?

The American prairie used to span nearly the whole of central USA, with grasses thousands of years old. As preservation projects become more and more successful, and sprawl is wrangled, I can't help but wonder if a predator in the American Cheetah's niche might be useful to the ecosystem.

For example, I understand that pronghorn are generally too fast for puma and wolves, which follows, as their ancestral predator was the Am. cheetah.

The cheetah filled a viable niche that may be beneficial today with enough animals to "remember" it, such as (but ofc not limited to) the pronghorn.

That may be a couple hundred years into the future and I'm alright with that, but it's fun to speculate!

26 Comments
2024/04/15
18:25 UTC

4

Assessing habitat expansions: which methods?

I am working on a protected habitat monitoring project with phytosociological analysis. The areas in question are part of a larger protected area, and we are assessing (depending on the necessary time and financial resources) how we can identify possible habitat extensions within this area. Unfortunately, I do not have much experience in this field, and I would like to read some literature on the subject. Do you have any suggestions for scientific articles or specialist books that I could consult in order to identify the most effective method of doing this work?

0 Comments
2024/04/14
22:32 UTC

17

How to start amateur studying ecology in nyc?

I just watched a great conversation with mycologist Patricia Kaishian and So of Queer Nature and it has compelled me to take a deeper interest in ecology. Both of them spoke a lot about having years of learned experience reading the landscape of forests (animal tracks, moisture, etc) and the importance of also setting a devotion to visiting a place repetitiously over a long period of time.

I live in NYC and wanted to know where are great places nearby that I can get hands-on experience with observing such ecologies. Is this even the right path to begin? I’m gathering resources such as taking courses on advaya but please also link any material that may help, both for immersive forest visits and academic texts/ courses.

I know this post is sooo broad which is only revealing how little I know about this field but I’m invigorated to study and connect more deeply with nature. Not trying to get a degree or anything but definitely want to devote more to learning in a structured way.

6 Comments
2024/04/14
01:58 UTC

9

Applied Ecology

I am choosing my bachelor's major in ecology. How does Applied Ecology differ and is it a more marketable degree for employment?

10 Comments
2024/04/13
18:01 UTC

6

Help me get feedback on my new orca/yacht interaction research article?? ☺️⛵️

Hi everyone!!

My name is Leila, I’m an undergraduate studying ocean science and marine conservation and I have just finished my undergraduate dissertation article on the causes/triggers for the orca interactions that have been happening in Spain and Portugal since 2020. I will not be getting my grades back for a while, but I am hoping to potentially get this rewritten for publication as I think I may be onto something here!! But it’s only my first ever piece of scientific writing and could use some other opinions!

So I was wondering if there are any marine biologists or lecturers (or any fellow orca enthusiasts ☺️) in this group who would be interested in taking a look at my article and letting me know what they think/ if they think it’s worth trying to publish and offer me any advice moving forwards whilst I’m waiting on my results from the University

Please message me if you’re interested in taking a look!!

Thank youuu 💗

1 Comment
2024/04/12
22:51 UTC

22

From our backyard reforesting project; my wife’s propagation lab.

1 Comment
2024/04/12
22:29 UTC

10

Does anyone here have direct experience in studying interdunal swales?

Hello all, I'm looking into doing some independent research (I'm not in college and this is not for classes) into maritime interdunal freshwater swales. I want to specifically study these for conservation purposes, because where I live a certain species is being threatened due to the disappearing aforementioned ecological community.

4 Comments
2024/04/11
02:22 UTC

4

MRPP test in R or PC-ORD

Hello,

I have a data set consisting of physicochemical data of 50 different sampling sites and diatom species compositions of these sites. I collected data from the same sampling site for 4 seasons.

I grouped my data seasonally.

I want to do mrpp test for differences between groups. I found out that this is done in R and PC-ord. But I cannot add my own data to PC-ord.

There is a MRPP test in the vegan package for R. But I cannot add my own data to it. (I'm new to r)

I am waiting for your suggestions and help.

Thank you.

7 Comments
2024/04/10
22:05 UTC

13

Need Advice for Maths for Ecology

im nearing the end of my PhD but I'm still struggling with modeling part of ecology especially when reading papers with equations. I can do stats in R (anovas, regression, community analysis, etc.) and published papers with just that. But as I dive into the ecology world for the rest of my life, I wanted to be more mathematically fluent for more confidence and perhaps make my research more robust. I don't have a calculus background. How do I start? is there like a shortcut to just study the most important things?

7 Comments
2024/04/10
16:48 UTC

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