Photograph via //r/tails

Tails is a live operating system aimed at protecting your privacy and anonymity that you can start on almost any computer from a USB stick or a DVD.

Tails is a live operating system aimed at protecting your privacy and anonymity that you can start on almost any computer from a USB stick or a DVD. Get Tails.

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System Requirements

  • Either an internal or external DVD reader or the possibility to boot from a USB stick/SD card.

  • Tails requires a 64-bit x86-64 compatible processor: IBM PC compatible and others but not PowerPC nor ARM. Mac computers are IBM PC compatible since 2006. Tails does not run on most tablets and phones.

  • 2 GB of RAM to work smoothly. It is possible to run with less, but crashes, slowness, and strange behavior is possible.

What This Sub Is

This subreddit is for the latest news and updates regarding Tails, requesting Tails support, and discussion regarding the Tails project.

What This Sub Is Not

This is not a place for posting general privacy-related news, other privacy-focused software, or individual onion services. Please see the "Related Subreddits" list below for recommendations regarding these topics.

Related Links

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104,382 Subscribers


Just trying to get to figure out my Network devices

So I’m naturally paranoid and just about always stressed about being monitored. This is why I opt to use tails when on line. I recently upgraded to tails 6.4 and am running a standard installation. It suddenly accrued to me that I should verify all the network adapters devices that come on the fresh install. So I ran Ip link show, nmcli dev, and rfkill list in a root terminal window and was very surprised that I had 13 devices on tails 6.4 standard install. So I asked copilot on Microsoft, Leo on the Brave browser if that was normal and was told that usually tails would be designed to have as few network devices as possible for security reasons, which is what I thought. The AI’s I mentioned above also said that they could be installed based on my existing hardware configuration, which seemed possible to me.

So I started researching every thing from the tails documentation to user forums and haven’t been able the find an answer to my question.

The question is what network interfaces come in a standard tails install and does what I have appear to be com ok compromised?

Here is what I have:

root@amnesia:# rfkill list 0: acer-wireless: Wireless LAN Soft blocked: yes Hard blocked: no 1: acer-bluetooth: Bluetooth Soft blocked: yes Hard blocked: no 2: phy0: Wireless LAN Soft blocked: yes Hard blocked: no root@amnesia:# nmcli dev DEVICE TYPE STATE CONNECTION
eth1 ethernet connected Wired connection lo loopback connected (externally) lo
eth0 ethernet unavailable --
wlan0 wifi unavailable --
p2p-dev-wlan0 wifi-p2p unavailable --
veth-clearnet ethernet unmanaged --
veth-onioncircs ethernet unmanaged --
veth-onionshare ethernet unmanaged --
veth-tbb ethernet unmanaged --
veth-tca ethernet unmanaged --
root@amnesia:# ip list show Object "list" is unknown, try "ip help". root@amnesia:# ip help Usage: ip [ OPTIONS ] OBJECT { COMMAND | help } ip [ -force ] -batch filename where OBJECT := { address | addrlabel | amt | fou | help | ila | ioam | l2tp | link | macsec | maddress | monitor | mptcp | mroute | mrule | neighbor | neighbour | netconf | netns | nexthop | ntable | ntbl | route | rule | sr | tap | tcpmetrics | token | tunnel | tuntap | vrf | xfrm } OPTIONS := { -V[ersion] | -s[tatistics] | -d[etails] | -r[esolve] | -h[uman-readable] | -iec | -j[son] | -p[retty] | -f[amily] { inet | inet6 | mpls | bridge | link } | -4 | -6 | -M | -B | -0 | -l[oops] { maximum-addr-flush-attempts } | -br[ief] | -o[neline] | -t[imestamp] | -ts[hort] | -b[atch] [filename] | -rc[vbuf] [size] | -n[etns] name | -N[umeric] | -a[ll] | -c[olor]} root@amnesia:~# ip link show 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 3: veth-tbb@if2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether ea:1e:b1:20:fb:4c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netns tbb 5: veth-onioncircs@if4: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 26:22:1d:cc:8c:4e brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netns onioncircs 7: veth-tca@if6: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 02:40:b5:7b:dd:65 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netns tca 9: veth-onionshare@if8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 82:fc:ba:e3:81:8c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netns onionshare 11: veth-clearnet@if10: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 86:2c:26:6b:46:1a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netns clearnet 12: eth0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 08:8f:c3:34:99:59 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff permaddr 08:8f:c3:47:92:ea 13: wlan0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 22:3d:b8:cc:f9:c7 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff permaddr f4:7b:09:69:cc:1a 14: eth1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 5e:50:d9:46:79:58 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

Again, I really need someone to run the commands on there install and compare for me. Any and all assistance will be greatly appreciated!

16:34 UTC


Can't find "img"

When I have the balenaEtcher open, I click on the "flash from file", then the only option is the file that shows "tails-amd64-6.4", but it doesn't have the "img" at the end of it. Why? Will it still work if I choose that file?

07:18 UTC


Athentocation Password required without me setting one

So I just got the latest version of tails, setup went smoothly but my wifi doesn't show up. I found a fix but I need to open the Root Terminal and its asking for a password I don't recall setting. Is there any way I can fix this? I've only made two password and thats the default Passkey and the Password for the user.

04:43 UTC


Installing Tails on USB from WONDOWS

Dear tails community, help me on this journey.

Stupidly, I thought this process will be much easier while watching and reading guides through the internet, unfortunately it certainly isn’t.

(All the information is in order for others to recon if they have similar problems.. Hope it’ll help.)

Specs; Laptop Lenovo Idealpad 13 Windows 11 SanDisk Extreme Pro USB 3.2 Flash Drive 12

Through the process;

  1. Download tails img from web ✅
  2. Verify the img download ✅
  3. Install img file on flash drive (Rufus) ✅
  4. Shut down PC, insert flash drive, enter boot menu:

[Problem] Unable to boot from flash drive; [Solution] Change boot setting to legacy.✅

[Problem] The “ (initramfs) unable to find a medium containing a live file system “ error. [Solution] In the boot loader choose “ External Hard Disk entry “.✅

[Problem] Mouse pad doesn’t work. [Solution] In boot loader press “e” and enter command “ pci=nocrs “. ❌

Now after all that, I managed to get to the first menu of selecting system language, keyboard, etc. But as I press start nothing is showing on desktop except blue background with the info header on top. No keyboard key makes any action and mouse as mentioned above is still disabled.❌

If anyone has any help regarding this, your help will be much appreciated.

12:06 UTC


Difficulty Installing Tails on Windows 11.

I have a HP computer with Windows 11 OS. I try to download it, and at times the download was verified successfully (When I downloaded the newer version) However, when I attempt to download it to flash using balenaEtcher, it says the file is corrupted. What am I doing wrong? I have a new Sandisk USB, although it was used recently, as of this week in my attempt to do this, (unsuccessfully) Can someone walk me through this?

23:55 UTC


Recovering keys and bookmarks after corrupted Tails USB

Hi everyone,

Yesterday booted my Tails from USB, upgraded to 6.4 and after restart it won't boot anymore, OS not found :-(

Created another Tails USB, plugged in the corrupted USB and I thankfully it mounted as TailsData.

So far I was only able to recover my MoneroGUI wallet and txt files with encrypted messages. I also need my bookmarks and private keys to decrypt my txt files.

I can see there's a bookmarks folder with places.sqlite and places.sqlite-shm files inside. Where do I put these to recover my bookmarks?

When I open Kleopatra and import pubring.gpg and secring.gpg files I can see all the certificates, but when I try to decrypt my messages I get "Decryption failed: No secret key". There's also a private-keys-v1.d folder and key files inside but Kleopatra will not find importable files there.

Could someone please help, a complete n00b here and feeling very stupid today, especially for not backing up my Tails USB.

Thanks in advance.

16:26 UTC


Supported Wi-Fi network card


I tried to use my laptop with Realtek RTL8852BE, but neither Wi-Fi nor Bluetooth appears. I tried with an Intel AX200 but only Wi-Fi appears, not Bluetooth. Does anyone know which Wi-Fi6 network card is fully compatible? both wifi and bluethooth, I was thinking about the AX210, but I'm not sure

1 Comment
01:35 UTC



Can someone point me to the docs or an explanation on why:

A) the default for tor browser's security settings isn't Safest?
B) Why javascript settings on about:config isn't false by default?


Can someone also pinpoint me to the docs/ or an explanation on why the browser settings (see A&B above) aren't persistent?

13:47 UTC


Telegram, tails and bans

Does using telegram desktop on tails risk getting your account banned? Also how much data would get leaked (mainly hardware, i assume) by doing this? Burner phone number.

08:30 UTC


Where do I start learning about keeping private?

Yeah I know fuck all about tech but I'm starting to get paranoid about the political situation in America rn where do I start learning about all this/ any cool apps or ways to keep privacy I already use signal for all my texts out of work and use a separate phone for work (threat model political Dissident

07:41 UTC


Do I need a USB for tails or can just I download it straight on to my laptop?


01:02 UTC


Can anyone help

No matter what I do it’s all glitchy like this and covers most the screen

19:33 UTC


Help with tails glitching when shutting down

How to shut down tails usb when this glitch happens, I pulled out the tails usb and then all of a sudden this happens, it seems like it’s stuck on the software code. I have a windows surface pro and can’t uninstall the battery in the computer without taking a ton of time.

19:16 UTC


Problem after update

After the recent update Tails will not boot. All I get is a message saying: 11.178489] Kernel panic not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x00000007 What does this mean?

19:28 UTC


I'm trying to save on a micro SD from tor browser. But it doesn't work. How can I get it working?

17:55 UTC


Using Tails as cold storage

I wish to use a Tails stick as a semi-cold storage. My plan is to have the sensitivity data on persistent storage and ensure no network hardware is connected when Tails is on. I will update the system via a separate Tails stick running the latest release which is sanitized afterwards.

My question is, is this even worth the effort and if so, how often should I update?

10:31 UTC


Help! Can't access files from persistent storage

I have 2 flashdrive which I installed TAILS on. I opened my working TAILS and when I tried to access another set of files from my other TAILS when I inserted and input the password, the error in the ff image shows up.

I tried opening TAILS on the other flashdrive from where I got the error message but it would show an error of "Failed to unlock persistent storage"


1 Comment
10:25 UTC


Odessy problem

im using tails with a tor circuit and it causes problem with accessing odysee for some reason, can someone help? i dont really want to remove the tor circuit. https://odysee.com/

08:46 UTC


"This local network is blocking access to Tor" even though it's not.

Sometimes i'm able to connect to Tor without problems, but at least currently i'm either getting the message that my local network is blocking Tor, or that i'm connected to Tor without bridges but no website loads. That block thing is wrong though, as I can access Tor with literally any other device on the same network. The time is correct and I have set Tor to the safest settings. Many tor channels fail due to timeout. My wifi card isn't damaged and bridges don't work either. What could be the problem?

19:09 UTC


How to boot Tails without having admin rights

So I download the balenaEtcher, then I download and verify Tails image. I have a USB stick on the cpmputer, but I have no admin rights to write on the USB stick from the balena. In general I do have rights to write on the USB. What can I do to get Trails on that thing?

11:03 UTC


No sound output (Dummy Output is only option)?

Tails is running through USB on an older mac. Why is there no sound from YouTube videos even with headphones plugged into the audio jack?

07:14 UTC


Tails USB not visible in UEFI-only BIOS?


I recently got one of the new Dell XPS 13 laptops.

Windows is my main OS, but I use tails semi-frequently, however, I can't get it to boot on this device.

Steps I've taken:

  1. Installed tails via balenaEtcher and verified it boots on another PC (shows UEFI: USB Tails as the boot device name)
  2. Disabled SecureBoot on the laptop

The usb doesn't even show up as a boot option in the bios.

The BIOS is UEFI only (no legacy mode) which should be fine since Tails has UEFI support right?

Anyone know what other steps to take?

EDIT: Sadly, I think it's because it uses a snapdragon processor (aka...ARM) which is not supported according to tails website. Does anyone know if it will be supported in the near future or any alternatives to Tails? Whonix and Qubes don't count since they aren't really amnesic.

23:59 UTC


Tails on ssd

From what I heard I believe tails can’t run on a ssd unless it’s plugged in via usb adapter but I am wondering if there is an alternative way. If it’s not possible, why and is it something I can change with some coding. I know this isn’t the point of tails but I would greatly appreciate any help.

16:40 UTC


Is there any way to scroll through the boot menu faster?

I have to remove live-media=removeable on startup in order to be able to boot into Tails, but it takes up a bit of time scrolling up the entire menu. Is there some sort of keyboard shortcut that can help me scroll up faster?

17:07 UTC


Please Help me with restoring files!

I made a big mistake and maybe lost my really important data, but I hope I can still recover it but I don’t know exactly how.

I know the system is build for security in mind, so please answer only if you can really help me, I don't need nagging comments.

I updated to Tails 6.4.

How it started:

I had issues that additional software wasn't installed automatically anymore, so I followed this workaround: https://gitlab.tails.boum.org/tails/tails/-/issues/18620

The Workaround:

  1. Boot Tails
  2. In the Welcome Screen, set an Administration Password and unlock your Persistent Storage
  3. Start Tails
  4. Wait until you see the error about Additional Software failing to install
  5. Open a Root Terminal
  6. Run this command:
  7. systemctl stop tails-additional-software-upgrade.service tails-additional-software-upgrade.path tails-additional-software-upgrade.service && \
  8. rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/apt/lists.old && \

apt update

  1. … and wait for it to complete.
  2. Restart Tails

First, I tried it in the normal console with ‘sudo’ but it did not work, no access rights.

Then I used the root terminal, but I slipped on enter while I have only entered this part:
systemctl stop tails-additional-software-upgrade.service tails-additional-software-upgrade.path tails-additional-software-upgrade.service && \rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /live/persistence

So I accidentally wiped my persistence folder with this command, because I was stupid and did not know what -rf stand for behind the remove command.

I am not good with Linux systems but I am not to bad with general IT, so please help me.

In shock I shut the system off via the menu.

I restarted tails entered my persistent storage password, entered tails and looked for the persistent storage, but it was not there, so I went into the persistent storage settings and enabled the show persistent storage folder.

It only showed a Tor Browser folder, everything else was gone. So, I shut down my system again, the regular way. That is my current state.

I found this post: https://www.reddit.com/r/tails/comments/s5pczk/can_i_restore_deleted_files_from_permanent_storage/

That gave me mixed feelings of hope. So to first learn and test if I can recover the data I created a test system on a new USB Drive with Tails 6.4 installed and some test data to delete in the persistent storage.

I tried "testdisk" but it did not find any deleted files. So I am left with the "sleuthkit" and "autopsy". But for that I need an image file to work on. And I am currently not sure how to create one. I still have all the passwords I need and no corrupt image and so on, but for the recovering software it would probably be best if the image would not be encrypted. I also tried installing R-Linux for recovery but it was not possible to be installed, I tried both the x86 and the x64 version. I still know about "foremost" as a software, that I could try, if the "SleuthKit" fails, but I don't know how to use that.

I have read about "dd" to create an image file, but it seems to be best to do that without having the thing mounted to avoid data corruption, but without being mounted it is not decrypted, so I am unsure how to make a good image of it.

So my questions are:

  1. If you ever tried to recover data on the persistent storage that you deleted by hand or command, where you successful? And if so please tell me how and what you did, please.
  2. If you know how to create a decrypted image file of the persistent storage on another storage device, please tell me the exact steps how.
  3. If it is possible to provide the password for an encrypted image, while working with the sleuthkit to recover my data that is also fine, please tell me how.
  4. If you know more what or who can help me, please tell me, I am running out of ideas and competence in Linux system usage.

I am just a desperate person that wants to recover his files, due to a stupid mistake made. So please be kind and help me if possible. The data lost is really important to me.

16:00 UTC


Can't unlock my persistent storage after a manual upgrade

I'm hoping someone can help me here.. my tails install wouldn't do the automatic upgrade, so I have to do a manual one. I did research beforehand though to make sure my persistent storage would be safe, and the manual upgrade page itself said that I could upgrade without losing my persistent storage as well as several posts on Reddit that indicated the same thing..

Well I went through the process of installing to another USB stick (I didn't add any persistent storage to this one thinking it might overwrite the one on the other drive or something) and cloned it to the drive to upgrade it. However now that I've booted up the new drive, it seems to recognize that there IS a persistent storage on the drive, however the password no longer works.. it just says "cannot unlock encrypted storage with this passphrase". :(

I'm sure the password is correct because I just tried it like half an hour ago when I was trying to do the automatic upgrade and couldn't..

Is there something I could have done wrong? Why did it screw up my persistent storage? I'm super annoyed that I trusted it.. I've never had an issue with automatic upgrades in the past I don't know why they couldn't have just let me do it that way. I'm sure there's a good reason, but for Gods sake not overwriting or messing up the persistent storage should be a f***ing requirement...

01:26 UTC


Key certification

I had saved my PGP key to persistent storage, but when I reimported it into kleopatra, tails did not recognize this as my key and I needed to create another PGP key. Am I missing something here?

EDIT: i just saw that I am able to export secret keys to persistent storage. I did not do this last time I believe, is that why this issue happened

1 Comment
01:00 UTC


Debian GNU/Linux 12 Amnesia tty2 Login In?

Hey guys when downloading tails into usb it shows “amnesia login “ and ask for password as well? Did I do something wrong I’m not sure.

00:18 UTC


Screen flickering rapidly upon boot, anyone know how to fix?

Have tried multiple usbs, and verified the download with tails as well.

20:57 UTC


No wifi adapter found

I installed Tails yesterday and have been trying to solve this problem for hours. I followed the official documentation as far as I could, watched several tutorials, and nothing solves it.

It is crucial that I can connect to wireless Internet because I don't have a network cable, and using the phone is out of the question.

My motherboard has a network card, it works on Windows, but for some reason, it doesn't work here. Please help me!

20:18 UTC

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