Photograph via snooOG

The interdisciplinary study of the mind and intelligence, embracing philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology.

A community for those who are interested in the mind, brain, language and artificial intelligence.

Posting rules:

  • This is not a self-help sub. Posts must be about cognitive science. Occasional threads of general interest (discussion of careers in Cog Sci, for example) may be allowed.

  • Currently, calls for participation in scientific studies are allowed. See our policy on that here.

  • All posts must be about cognitive science. Pseudoscience, claims not backed by peer-reviewed science, and the like are not allowed.

  • All decisions on posts, bans, etc. are at the discretion of the moderators. All such decisions are final, and appeals (and especially complaints) will likely be ignored.

Want to know more? Take a look at our reading list here. If you have any suggestions for further inclusions, post them here.

AskScience Science ScienceNet
Psych CogSci Neuro
CogLing IOPsych PsychSci
BehEcon Music Cog NooTropics
NeuroPsych MathPsych Psychopharm
Linguistics PsychoPath Academic Psych
NeuroPhilosophy CogNeuro Multilink


116,132 Subscribers


Interested in Contributing to Research in Existential Psychology? I’m Recruiting Reddit Users to Complete a 10 Minute Survey on a Recently Termed Trait “Existential Humility” and its Relationship to Psychedelic-Induced Mystical Experience.

Hi! I’m an undergraduate psychology student with an interest in psychedelics and existentialism. I’m conducting a study to investigate psychedelic-induced mystical experience and its relationship to a recently termed psychological trait called “Existential Humility”. This will be the first of its kind to officially investigate the relationship between these two areas of study. 

With that being said, I need to recruit individuals both with and without a past psychedelic experience. I kindly request that you take 10 minutes out of your day to complete this anonymous survey. Your response will help contribute to a growing academic literature on the psychology of psychedelics. More info is included in the survey. You must be 18 years of age or older and in the U.S. to participate.

Here’s the link: https://kusurvey.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_266OEveFUaDkFzE

Thank you for your participation!

Contact information:


University of Kansas

If you have any additional questions about your rights as a research participant, you may call (785) 864-7429 or write the Human Research Protection Program (HRPP), University of Kansas, 2385 Irving Hill Road, Lawrence, Kansas 66045-7563, email irb@ku.edu.

17:30 UTC


Paul Thagard and pedagogy

Hi everyone! I'm currently a student of pedagogy and I'm interested in exploring various perspectives within the field. Recently, I came across the name Paul Thagard and his work, but I'm not quite sure if it would be relevant or beneficial for me in my studies. I was wondering if anyone here is familiar with Paul Thagard and his works, and if they could provide me with some insight into how his ideas and theories could help enrich my understanding of pedagogy. Are there any specific works by Thagard that are particularly relevant or recommended for students of pedagogy? I appreciate any help I can get in navigating this! Thanks in advance!

17:14 UTC


Which psychology master's field should I choose after biotechnology bachelor's degree?

I am currently a biotechnology undergraduate student and will apply for a master's degree next year. I am thinking of getting my master's degree in Germany or Italy. However, I want to focus on a field such as psychology, clinical psychology, neuropsychology, or cognitive science. Which field would be more logical to combine with biotechnology? Or is there a particular university and field you recommend? I would be very happy if you could help me because I am very undecided.

1 Comment
20:14 UTC


"Category Theory and the Ontology of Śūnyata" is an abuse of science.

1 Comment
05:55 UTC


Master in Germany

Hello!!! I am applying to German universities for MSc cognitive science in Ruhr University Bochum, Osnabrück, Potsdam and RPTU Kaiserslautern. I'm an international student with a psychology background. I have a good GPA (German grade 1.4) in my undergrad degree and B1-levelGerman proficiency. If anyone who studies in these universities could please connect I have some questions regarding the universities and help me out Thank you

1 Comment
16:51 UTC


ucla vs berkeley cognitive science

i am looking for advice on whether i should choose berkeley or ucla for cognitive science. i am interested in doing software engineering/id design in the future. any insight on the major, classes, campus life, etc. for either school would be appreciated!

for reference, i know that berkeley is probably better in terms of academics and job opportunities but i personally am leaning towards la more just bc of the environment and campus life.

04:13 UTC


Models of mathematical cognition that explain the transition from digits to 'whole numbers' (what we think of as numbers/numerals in everyday situations)?

More specifically, any papers/authors that discuss this issue in detail?

Everything I've read references Dehaene et al.'s model, but it's early form assumes there's a direct channel between abstract magnitudes represented in the mind and different number formats, which, AFAIU, doesn't account for issues like digit-swapping? Conversely, AFAIU, McCloskey's model is considered a bit too extreme?

In idiot terms, what happens to the digits as they are combined into whole numbers and where can I read research on this?

I'm not sure if I'm finding outdated references to Dehaene, or not finding the latest research that addresses this better. TIA.

23:26 UTC



What kind of internships could a Cognitive Science college student potentially get into if they're inclined towards the computational aspects of the discipline?

1 Comment
04:12 UTC


You may find this interesting...

Hey, check out r/phantasia it's within the field of CogSci, about how we think with an emphasis on visual thinking.

02:49 UTC


Forgetting extremely simple words

Forgetting extremely simple words and not remembering until I google them?

I speak many languages (English, Dutch, Turkish) but I have been living in an English speaking country for 10 years now. I saw a hair brush in my gf's bathroom and I was trying to remember what it was called.

The confusing thing is, the word "brush" did come to my mind, however, my mind associated the word "brush" with a cleaning brush and I thought hair brush was actually a broom. So I googled the word "broom" and found out that it is something completely different of course.

Does this ever happen to anyone? I knew the word "hairbrush" 100 %, I just completely confused that word with the word "broom" for good 2 minutes and had to google things to sort this out.

I have a university degree, 28 years old male. I have been sleeping bad lately due to anxiety, and was feeling lightheaded when this happened. Could it be aphasia/dementia?

11:03 UTC


HELP!! cognitive science Letter of motivation

Hello! I received my BA in psychology last year, and I'm going to switch to cognitive science for my master's. I require assistance drafting a motivation letter. I've created a template, which I'll be changing for each university. I'm particularly anxious because I have no work experience and my research experience is restricted to undergraduate projects. In my country, a bachelor's thesis is not required, and entry-level research and jobs typically require a master's degree. If someone could review it and perhaps even reassure me that it's okay, that would be greatly appreciated.

18:22 UTC


Seeking Participants for Dissertation: Validity and Clinical Relevance of the Autism Spectrum Quotient in the Age of Social Media

Hello! I am a doctoral candidate at Texas Woman’s University, and I am looking for people to take an online survey as a part of my dissertation research (which has been approved by TWU's IRB/ethics committee). This research study will look at a popular measure of characteristics of autism spectrum disorder in adults that is commonly used in research, clinical assessments, and has recently been circulating on social media. This study will help contribute to the knowledge of autism spectrum disorder assessment for adults. Anyone between the ages of 19 and 60 years of age, living in the United States, and able to read/respond to the survey in English is welcome to participate. Participation is voluntary.

The survey, which will take about an hour to complete, can be found here: https://twu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_6L6CacmmkToa97M

Please note that there is a potential risk of loss of confidentiality in all email, downloading, electronic meetings, and internet transactions.

Any participation is greatly appreciated! If you have questions about the survey, feel free to reach out to me, Hannah Hagler, at hhagler@twu.edu

Please feel free to share the link to this survey with anyone you think may be interested in participating.

02:27 UTC


A recent modeling study suggests that society's deepening polarization isn’t just a result of the modern information landscape. Rather, it arises from deep-rooted biases in the human psyche—in particular, the urge to seek evidence supporting what we already suspect to be true.

16:42 UTC


Everyday habits that are making you hate yourself

we all have this negative voice in our heads whose only job is to remind us of our mistakes and the things we’re not good at.

But what if I told you that this voice is not you?

This voice is basically the result of habits that you’ve picked up over time without even realizing it - habits that are making this inner critic louder and louder.

One of those subtle habits is Carrying a False Persona. Maybe you are someone who acts differently at work or online. Maybe you act funnier or more adventurous because someone once told you, ‘You’re funny’ or they would love to hang out with you. Or you might be having a tough time but don’t want to worry your friends and family, so you pretend that everything is fine. People seem to like this act, so you keep doing it, even if it’s not really you. But what most of us don’t realize is that if you’re constantly pretending to be someone you’re not, you start to dislike the false persona you present to the world and by extension, yourself for creating it.

Another habit that makes us hate ourselves is not letting ourselves be happy. Imagine you are someone who has always been told that you’re not good enough, like a child who constantly hears that they should be more like their sibling. You hear it so much that you start to believe it. And you think that no matter what you do, it’s never good enough. Now you think that wanting to be happy is selfish. So you listen to that little voice in your head that tells you not to get your hopes up. It reminds you of all the times things went wrong when you let yourself feel happy. But you might not realize that when feelings of regret and self-blame grow to be unbearable, it can lead to self-hatred and keeps you from re-engaging with life.

Similar to this there are more habits like failing to accept compliments, being insecure all the time, keeping gratification over responsibilities and more. So before these habits take a toll on our self-esteem, it is important to address them.

I recently came across some interesting research studies and articles on this topic and decided to create an animated video to illustrate the topic.

If you prefer reading, I have included important reference links below.

I hope you find this informative. I’d love to hear your thoughts on it!














1 Comment
06:47 UTC


Help choosing a college for a CogSci major

Is UCSD, UCLA, UC Davis or UCI better for a degree in Cognitive Science? I'm interested in cognitive science with an emphasis in computational aspects(programming, ML, HCI). Thank you.

14:24 UTC


What caused Marvin Minsky to be overly optimistic about AGI in 1970?

Marvin Minsky is widely regarded as a genius. But he was overly optimistic about AGI in 1970, when he wrote:

In from three to eight years we will have a machine with the general intelligence of an average human being. I mean a machine that will be able to read Shakespeare, grease a car, play office politics, tell a joke, have a fight.

Did he ever explain what precisely caused him to be so very wrong?

Stupid people are wrong all the time, but when smart people are wrong, it's an opportunity for us to learn from their mistakes.

20:19 UTC


cog sci degree

hi I recently got into uoft humanities and am planning to get a ba in cog sci and was wondering two things. 1. Would I be able to get a masters in psychology with this degree 2. I have no background knowledge in computer science and I know that’s a course i’ll need to take in the program. Will I be able to do it? 😭

20:34 UTC


The aging brain - science and care

15:29 UTC


Recruiting Individuals for Paid, Remote Research Study on Emotions and Cognition: Harvard Medical School/McLean Hospital

Recruiting Individuals for Paid, Remote Research Study on Emotions and Cognition

Do you feel hopeless, worthless, nervous, or persistently on edge? Do these emotions make it difficult for you to function day-to-day? You may be eligible to participate in our fully remote research study and earn up to $286 in compensation! At the end of the study, you will be provided with a full report about your feelings, cognitive performance, and how they changed over the course of the study. 

Participation in this study includes:

  • Completing an initial set of cognitive tasks and surveys on your home computer, tablet, or smartphone (1.5 hours)
  • Completing brief assessments (5 minutes) on your smartphone or tablet, 3 times a day for 3 weeks
  • A brief follow-up assessment (5 minutes) in 3 months
  • Comprehensive feedback on your performance at the end of the three weeks

If interested, you can see if you are eligible here,
please copy and paste this link into your browser:

To be eligible to participate, you must be a United States Resident living in Eastern Time Zone

Or, for more information contact us at cogstudy@mclean.harvard.edu, or visit our website: https://www.cognitivehealth.tech/

1 Comment
22:03 UTC


Is cog sci a competitive college major?

I’m a current high schooler hella scared abt college apps💀 I’m planning on majoring in cog sci and i’m just wondering if it’s a rlly competitive major to get admitted into😭

1 Comment
18:14 UTC


Tests for consciousness in humans and beyond

Paper: https://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/fulltext/S1364-6613(24)00010-X


Which systems/organisms are conscious? New tests for consciousness (‘C-tests’) are urgently needed. There is persisting uncertainty about when consciousness arises in human development, when it is lost due to neurological disorders and brain injury, and how it is distributed in nonhuman species. This need is amplified by recent and rapid developments in artificial intelligence (AI), neural organoids, and xenobot technology. Although a number of C-tests have been proposed in recent years, most are of limited use, and currently we have no C-tests for many of the populations for which they are most critical. Here, we identify challenges facing any attempt to develop C-tests, propose a multidimensional classification of such tests, and identify strategies that might be used to validate them.

11:20 UTC


Pursuing Masters in Computational Social Science vs Data Science

Hi, I'm currently an undergraduate Cog Sci major whose long-term goal is to pursue a PhD. However, I do not feel prepared to pursue a PhD right out of undergrad and have been looking at potential master programs to apply for.

There are not really many schools that offer Masters in Cognitive Science, so I'm debating in pursuing a Masters in Computational Social Science or Data Science. My worry with a Data Science masters is that I'm not sure if I'm qualified enough for this, as I'm not sure if schools look for students more computer science geared. My worry with computational social science is that I already have somewhat of experience in computational and programming skills, so I'm not sure how useful the program would be for me. Would pursuing a masters in computational social science be something useful in a future PhD application?

My end goal is to be in the field of AI research, so I'm open to hearing any recommendations of what to pursue after my bachelor's degree.

Thank you for all the help!

1 Comment
20:26 UTC


(Academic) Are Lucid Dreamers Different From Us? (Also Welcome 18+ Non Lucid Dreamers with English Proficiency)

Hello everyone!

I'm excited to invite you to participate in my lucid dream research project and gather more insights into the fascinating world of lucid dreaming and I would be grateful for your participation.

If you're interested in exploring the world of lucid dreaming and contributing to scientific research, I'd love for you to participate in our study.



Hope everyone can join and if you have friends and family who'll be interested to take part, please share the link. The more diverse perspectives we gather, the better!

Thank you in advance for your participation and support, I'm relying on you. 😇

20:08 UTC


Why AI Won't Be Replacing Human Intelligence Anytime Soon

15:10 UTC


A neural code for time and space in the human brain

Paper: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211124723012500

Code: https://zenodo.org/records/8333600


Time and space are primary dimensions of human experience. Separate lines of investigation have identified neural correlates of time and space, yet little is known about how these representations converge during self-guided experience. Here, 10 subjects with intracranially implanted microelectrodes play a timed, virtual navigation game featuring object search and retrieval tasks separated by fixed delays. Time cells and place cells activate in parallel during timed navigation intervals, whereas a separate time cell sequence spans inter-task delays. The prevalence, firing rates, and behavioral coding strengths of time cells and place cells are indistinguishable—yet time cells selectively remap between search and retrieval tasks, while place cell responses remain stable. Thus, the brain can represent time and space as overlapping but dissociable dimensions. Time cells and place cells may constitute a biological basis for the cognitive map of spatiotemporal context onto which memories are written.

1 Comment
11:09 UTC


How to STOP Nervousness Efficiently using Neuroscience of Visualization

Nervousness is something we all experience at various points in our lives. Whether it’s before a big presentation, a job interview, or a social event,

I remember one time I had to give a speech in front of my whole class. I was so nervous, I couldn’t even say my name. And That’s how powerful nervousness can be.

You might already know some common ways to deal with nervousness, like taking deep breaths, chewing gum, or thinking positively.

But while finding a better solution on how I can overcome nervousness, I found a great research study on the neuroscience of Visualization.

Now, you might be wondering, how can visualization help with nervousness?

You see, Visualization is the process of creating mental images or pictures in one’s mind.

It involves using sensory information and the imagination to simulate experiences and situations that feel real despite not being physically present. And research has shown that the brain often can’t tell the difference between a visualized image and actual reality. This means that when you visualize a specific action or outcome, the same areas of your brain are activated as when you actually perform that action.

If you want to have a better understanding on how visualization helps to overcome nervousness, I have created an animated video to share what I learned.

how to overcome nervousness

If you prefer reading, I have included important reference links below.

I hope you find this informative. I'd love to hear your thoughts on it!









1 Comment
17:11 UTC


Would doing masters in Cognitive Science help me get to a neuropsych track?

I have a bachelor's in psychology and doing a master's in clinical psychology. I want to shift my focus to neuropsychology. Unfortunately, there are no neuropsychology programs offered in my country. I am trying to apply abroad for the master's in neuropsychology, but since it is a competitive field that needs a good background in research, I know I have slim chances as there are also not really great opportunities in the research field here especially in psychology. I would like to apply for Master's in Cognitive Science as a backup plan, would it help me get a career aligned with neuropsychology and possibly for a PhD in neuropsych?

06:43 UTC

Back To Top